Research: Sawmill Database

Alpha-Numeric Key: WK-72
Corporate Name: John McAdams, Jr.
Local Name:
Owner Name: John McAdams, Jr.
Location: McAdams Community, west of Huntsville
County: Walker
Years in Operation: 2 years
Start Year: 1869
End Year: 1870
Decades: 1860-1869,1870-1879
Period of Operation: 1869 to 1870
Town: McAdams Community
Company Town: 0
Peak Town Size: Unknown
Mill Pond:
Type of Mill: Lumber and cotton
Sawmill Pine Sawmill Hardwood Sawmill Cypress Sawmill
Planer Planer Only Shingle Paper
Plywood Cotton Grist Unknown
Power Source: Sixteen-horsepower steam engine
Horse Mule Oxen Water
Water Overshot Water Turbine Diesel Unknown
Pit Steam Steam Circular Steam Band
Gas Electricity Other
Maximum Capacity: 
Capacity Comments: 560,000 feet of lumber during the reporting period of the Census
Rough Lumber Planed Lumber Crossties Timbers
Lathe Ceiling Unknown Beading
Flooring Paper Plywood Particle Board
Treated Other
Equipment: Sawmill and cotton gin
Company Tram:
Associated Railroads: Huntsville Branch in 1872 and International & Great Northern in 1873
Historicial Development: McSlauer and McAdams are alternative readings of the poor handwriting by the enumerator in the Census of 1870 about this sawmill. W. T. Block believes that the owner was John McAdams, Jr., because his research into Walker County history does not reveal a McSlauer, while it is well known that John McAdams, Jr., and and Hiram McAdams had been operating sawmills and cotton gins before 1870. John McAdams, Jr. (1815-1892), served in the Texas Revolution, and later became a small landowner with six slaves by 1860. Although primarily a farmer of cotton and corn, he eventually went into the lumber and cotton milling business. McAdams supported local education by donating lumber and materials to at least two schools in the area. This sawmill operation, according to the 1870 Census Products of Industry Schedule, was d to be a capital investment of $2,000. Investments in raw materials included $510 in 1,620 pine logs, $1,200 in 300 cords of wood for fuel, $10 worth of files, and ten gallons of oil worth $10. Nine men and one woman were paid $908 for four months of operations. The sawmill manufactured 560,000 feet of lumber valued at $7,900.
Research Date: MCJ 03-31-96
Prepared By: M. Johnson