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Research: Sawmill Database

Alpha-Numeric Key: SM-76
Corporate Name: Underwood & Overton
Local Name:
Owner Name: Underwood & Overton
Location: Starrville Beat, U. S. Census, 1870, fifteen miles northeast of Tyler
County: Smith
Years in Operation: 2 years
Start Year: 1869
End Year: 1870
Decades: 1860-1869,1870-1879
Period of Operation: 1869 to 1870
Town: Starrville Beat
Company Town: 2
Peak Town Size: Unknown
Mill Pond:
Type of Mill: Oak lumber
Sawmill Pine Sawmill Hardwood Sawmill Cypress Sawmill
Planer Planer Only Shingle Paper
Plywood Cotton Grist Unknown
Other
Power Source: 40-horsepower steam engine
Horse Mule Oxen Water
Water Overshot Water Turbine Diesel Unknown
Pit Steam Steam Circular Steam Band
Gas Electricity Other
Maximum Capacity: 
Capacity Comments: 250,000 feet of lumber during the reporting period of the census of 1870
Produced:
Rough Lumber Planed Lumber Crossties Timbers
Lathe Ceiling Unknown Beading
Flooring Paper Plywood Particle Board
Treated Other
Equipment: Sawmill
Company Tram:
Associated Railroads: Unknown
Historicial Development: The Underwood & Overton sawmill (worth a capital investment of $6,000) as recorded in the 1870 Census employed eight men for twelve months at a total wage of $2,000. With raw materials including $2,000 in oak logs, the plant produced 250,000 feet of oak lumber worth $5,000.
Research Date: MCJ 04-17-96
Prepared By: M. Johnson