Research: Sawmill Database

Alpha-Numeric Key: SH-136
Corporate Name: J. W. H. Bird Lumber Company
Local Name: Center
Owner Name: J. W. H. Bird Lumber Company
Location: Center
County: Shelby
Years in Operation: 4 years
Start Year: 1905
End Year: 1908
Decades: 1900-1909
Period of Operation: 1905 to 1908
Town: Center
Company Town: 2
Peak Town Size: 859 in 1905; 4000 in 1928; 2510 in 1934
Mill Pond:
Type of Mill: Oak lumber
Sawmill Pine Sawmill Hardwood Sawmill Cypress Sawmill
Planer Planer Only Shingle Paper
Plywood Cotton Grist Unknown
Power Source: Sinclair boiler and steam engine
Horse Mule Oxen Water
Water Overshot Water Turbine Diesel Unknown
Pit Steam Steam Circular Steam Band
Gas Electricity Other
Maximum Capacity: 20000: 1906
Capacity Comments: 20,000 feet daily in 1906
Rough Lumber Planed Lumber Crossties Timbers
Lathe Ceiling Unknown Beading
Flooring Paper Plywood Particle Board
Treated Other
Equipment: Sawmill. Circulars saws, a righthand Curtis sawdog, edger, solid-tooth saws.
Company Tram:
Associated Railroads: In 1905, the Houston East & West Texas at Tenaha; later the Gulf Coast & Santa Fe at Center
Historicial Development: Southern Industrial and Lumber Review reported that this mill was manufacturing 20,000 feet daily in 1906. Bird was a typical Shelby sawmiller in that he was continually mortgaging his lumber and equipment for operational capital. Bird had to mortgage an amount to E. W. Pittman in order to manufacture oak lumber on Pittman's land in 1907. Later that year, he mortgaged to Dilley & Son for $120 in order to get a Curtis LeftHand 30-inch Dixie edger and two solid-tooth saws. In August of 1907, Bird mortgaged his sixteen oxen and two wagons, a Sinclair boiler and steam engine to J S K Fowler. In 1908. he bought a wagon from Lindsey Wagon Company for a $100 mortgage. J. W. H. Bird paid occupation taxes to the county and the state in March of each 1906 and 1907. The Southern Lumberman reported that this mill, at Nacogdoches, was destroyed by fire with a loss of $3,100; the report of the fire probably originated in the town of Nacogdochews.
Research Date: LT 08-17-93, MCJ 04-10-96
Prepared By: L Turner, M. Johnson